The Plantar fascia is a ligamentous tissue (fibers that connect bone to bone) that aids and maintains the arches of the foot as well as provide stability while walking. Fasciitis can be defined as inflammation of the tissue. Previously, it was thought that this condition was inflammatory in nature. However, recent research has shown that degeneration, overuse/repetitive strain is likely the cause. The continuous overload on the plantar tissue is now thought to lead to degeneration, loss of elasticity and thickening of the fascia which may lead to heel spurs.
Common signs/symptoms of plantar fasciitis may include pain in the heel, middle or arch of the foot, severe pain on the first few steps after getting out of bed in the morning (this could take up to 5 minutes before the pain subsides and feels as though you are walking on glass). Pain may also stem from tight calf muscles or even from a new pair of shoes/runners that lack adequate foot support. This condition is often recurrent or becomes chronic and is gradual in onset.
Treatments for this condition may include and are not limited too, ice (in the early stages), Graston Technique, chiropractic therapy, massage therapy, taping, stretches/exercises, weight loss, braces, and orthotics.